What is Apigee | Apigee API Management | Introduction to Apigee (2023)

What is Apigee - Table of Content

  • What is Apigee?
  • Why apigee?
  • History
  • Features of Apigee
  • Basic Terminologies used in Apigee
  • Characteristics of API proxy development
  • Components of Apigee
  • Flavors of Apigee
  • Services available through Apigee
  • Conclusion

What is Apigee?

Apigee can be defined as a platform for creating and handling the APIs. An Application programming interface (API) acts as a single-window or entry point for a defined set of microservices and handles protocol translations. Many services are assured by way of RESTful APIs, an architectural style for an API that uses HTTP requests to access and use data. Through utilizing the administrations with an intermediary layer, Apigee gives a reflection or veneer to your backend service APIs and gives rate restricting, security, investigation etc. Apigee is the present significant center of API abilities and administrations for creators. Programming interface Management alludes to the methods and devices which empower an association to execute and look after its APIs. It manages how the entryway passes to the backend administration and returns the reaction back.

Why apigee?

The greater part of the huge organizations have worked out APIs for their clients and for inner use. There is a decision to have the information on-premise or in the cloud, whichever turns out best for the circumstance. API devices regularly take into account security strategy definition and implementation, including verification and approval of API customers. They can smother API calls and break limits of use dependent on set up SLAs and asset assignment arrangements. IT Central Station clients are searching for a solid API passage that oversees motors to alter solicitations and reactions progressively. Distributing apparatuses, report access and strategies of use and deals with the existence pattern of API Management is answerable for gathering information investigation, and screens load balancers and troubleshooting, particularly email, logs, and approval mistakes. Customers utilizing APIs have availability of knowledge for their utilization since APIs do affect numerous items and administrations.

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Apigee, released as a public beta in the year 2009 by Sonoa Systems which is a free, cloud-based API management tool. The company name Sonoa Systems was rebranded in 2010 to Apigee for promoting its core product. In 2015 it became a founding member of the OpenAPI Initiative, sponsored by the Linux Foundation. Google purchased Apigee in 2016 and expanded its API management offerings. AccuWeather, PayPal, 20th Century Fox, the American Cancer Society, Target, Twitter, and Bloomberg are some of the users of Apigee. In 2018, it was declared a leader for the 3rd consecutive year by the Gartner Magic Quadrant for Full lifecycle API management.

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Features of Apigee

Apigee can be availed as a subscription model through which the API management platform can be utilized. Its features include:

  • Connects the current user interface with traditional data stores.
  • Automates documentation of APIs and software development kits.
  • Supports both the hybrid cloud and multi-cloud.
  • Collaborates the analytics and machine learning
  • Provides tools to monitor and troubleshoot API with security and optimization.
  • Scalable as per the requirements.

Basic Terminologies used in Apigee

Terminologies associated with Apigee include API, API basepath and resources, API proxy, API product, app, environment, organization, policy, API Resource path, Version, and Revision. While talking about API basepath and resources, it is noted that an API can be defined by a system of network addresses and URIs, which is made up of a base path and a group of resources. The policies and codes are attached to URIs that ensure control of APIs through Edge facilities.


API, an interface which makes it simple for one app to burn-through capacities or information from different apps. Through characterizing steadily, streamlined passage focuses on app information, APIs empower designers to handily get to and reuse app logic provided by different engineers. On account of Web APIs information is uncovered over the organization. Apps that burn-through APIs are prone to alterations. The contract/agreement implied by API gives some degree of affirmation that, in the long run, the API will change in an anticipated way. Apigee Edge empowers you to construct APIs adding an administration and visibility option. On the off chance that you have HTTP empowered administrations, for example, SOA-based Web administrations, it can be uncovered as APIs through Apigee Edge. Edge additionally empowers you to fabricate APIs by actualizing apps facilitated on the API Services having no backend administration included. You can construct apps in Java, JavaScript, and Node.js.

API Proxy

By executing APIproxies you can uncover APIs in Apigee Edge. The API proxies dissociate the application confronting API from backend administrations, protecting those applications from backend code alterations. While creating backend changes to your administrations, applications keep on calling similar API with no interference. The two sorts of endpoints in an API Proxy setup are:

ProxyEndpoint: It explains the way customer applications devour your APIs. You design the ProxyEndpoint to characterize the URL of the API proxy. This endpoint additionally decides if applications could avail the proxy on HTTPS or HTTP. You can join strategies to the ProxyEndpoint to implement security, amount checks, and different kinds of access commands and rate-restricting.

TargetEndpoint: It explains the manner in which the API proxy collaborates with backend administrations. You design the TargetEndpoint to advance solicitations to the best possible backend administration, including characterizing any security conditions, HTTP or HTTPS, and other association data. You can connect arrangements to the TargetEndpoint to guarantee that reaction messages are appropriately designed for the application which made the underlying solicitation.

API proxy

API proxy can be defined as a collection of policies and file configurations that depends on a collection of resources contributed by Apigee Edge. These proxies are generated by the Apigee Edge management UI. It can be completed through using a text editor. It enables alteration without affecting the teams and shields developers from code changes. While making changes, they maintain the interface constant. It exposes you to numerous interfaces while meeting with developer requirements and also customizes the trademark of that particular API.

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API Products

An API Products are collections of API resources (URIs) connected with a service plan, which is issued to app developers at design time. These can be bundled into API packages for monetization. It acts as a binding between an app and the bundle of URIs that the app is permitted to consume. API keys are bound to one or more API products.

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API Package

A bundle of API products given to creators as a group, and are associated with a rate plan detailed in monetization is called API Package.


App denotes ‘application’ which refers to mobile applications which utilizes APIs. Apps are developed and implemented in different types of system programming languages, and by using different technologies. The apps should be registered in an organization on Apigee Edge. Through this procedure, it provides an API key, and secret that can understand the app.

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Environments are a particular runtime execution context for API proxies. Proxies must be set up to an environment as its exposure is achieved on the network. Two environments provisioned by organizations are test and prod. The test is used for expanding API proxies during development. The prod can be utilized for promoting proxies from the test environment.


A container encompasses all the elements in an Apigee Edge account that in turn includes the API proxies, packages, apps, products, and developers. User account is mandatory for every organization.


Policies are processing steps that are carried out as a recyclable unit of logic inserted within API proxy processing flow. Its functions include altering message formats, reinforcing access control, contacting assistance for further information, concealing delicate data from extraneous users, analyzing messages for possible threats, caching frequent feedbacks to enhance performance, etc. It can be implemented conditionally according to the content within or background of a feedback message.

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Resource path

The resource path is an uniform resource identifier (URI) which determines the network path to a resource.

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It is a version of the developer interacting API interface.


It is the categorized, version restrained packet of configuration wrapped into an API Proxy.

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API development lifecycle

Software development life cycle is unique for every organization. This is much needed to unify API proxy deployment along with the processes that you use for developing and testing other applications. RESTful APIs help to combine API proxy deployment and management into the organization's Software development life cycle. We have already discussed the two environments and the distinction between both are arbitrary, as they are identified by completely different sets of URLs. Default (http address)and secure(https address) are Virtual Hosts.

Development tools

APIs are developed as per consumer app requirements. Apigee Edge UI, a browser-based tool can be used to create, configure, and manage API proxies and API products. It helps to create API proxies by editing code and checking request flows through your proxies. It creates API products that meet client requests. It manages developers and developer apps. It configures test and production environments.

Characteristics of API proxy development

  • APIs are entry points for one application to use the benefits of another. In Apigee Edge, API proxies are configured with API proxy logic as a chain of steps that are
  • executed according to the request from client code. API proxy is exposed to clients by detailing the endpoints.
  • The order of API proxy logic is arranged using flows.
  • Data is accessed through these flow variables.
  • Conditions are applied while executing API Proxies
  • Reusable sets of functionality are used and debugging is done with a trace tool.
  • Proxy errors are marked as faults.

Components of Apigee

Apigee services: The APIs which you utilize to make, operate, and send the API proxies.

Apigee runtime: A bunch of compartmentalized runtime administrations in a Kubernetes group which Google keeps up. All the API traffic is prepared and goes through the given administrations.

GCP administrations: It assures logging facilities, identity management, investigation, measurements, and tasks managing capacities.

Back-end services: It is utilized by your applications to give runtime admittance to information to the API proxies.

Flavors of Apigee

Apigee: A facilitated SaaS form in which Apigee keeps up the conditions, permitting you to focus on building administrations and characterizing the APIs to the given administrations.

Apigee hybrid:An adaptation type comprising of a runtime plane that is introduced on-premises or in a cloud supplier of one’s decision, and an administration plane operating in Apigee's cloud. API traffic and information are limited to your own undertaking affirmed limits in this model.

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Services available through Apigee

Apigee empowers you to furnish secure admittance to your administrations with a characterized API which is steady over all administrations, paying little interest to support execution. A reliable API:

  • Creates it simple for application designers to devour the services.
  • Empowers you to alter the backend administration execution without influencing the public API.
  • Empowers you to exploit the analytics, and different highlights incorporated into Apigee
  • Instead of having application designers burn-through the administrations, they utilize an API proxy made on Apigee. This capacities as a planning of a freely accessible
  • HTTP endpoint to your backend administration. Through making an API proxy allows Apigee to manage the security and approval errands needed to ensure your
  • administrations, just as to investigate and screen those administrations. Since application designers create HTTP solicitations to an API proxy, engineers don't have to be aware about the execution of your administrations. All the designer requires to know is:
  • API proxy endpoint’s URL.
  • Any inquiry tools, headers, or body boundaries accepted in a solicitation.
  • Any necessary verification and approval qualifications.
  • The configuration of the reaction, including the reaction information format, for example, XML or JSON.
  • The API proxy disengages the application designer from your backend administration. Along these lines you are allowed to alter the administration execution till the public API stays predictable. For instance, you can alter a database execution, shift administrations to another host, or roll out some other improvements to the services. By keeping up a steady frontend API, existing customer applications will keep on working, paying little heed to changes on the backend.


Apigee Edge lets you effectively and rapidly construct RESTful APIs which can be devoured by application creators. You uncover APIs on Edge by developing API proxies which go about as handled veneers for backend administrations. The significant thing to recall is you can actualize policies on Apigee, not on the backend server. Apigee gives developers the benefits that empower you to deal with the network of application designers who are utilizing your administrations and operates with inward and outside developers and manage the associations with monetary methods.

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What is Apigee | Apigee API Management | Introduction to Apigee? ›

Apigee is a platform for developing and managing APIs. By fronting services with a proxy layer, Apigee provides an abstraction or facade for your backend service APIs and provides security, rate limiting, quotas, analytics, and more. Video: Check out this short video for an introduction to Apigee API Management.

What is API management in Apigee? ›

Apigee is a platform for developing and managing APIs. By fronting services with a proxy layer, Apigee provides an abstraction or facade for your backend service APIs and provides security, rate limiting, quotas, analytics, and more. Video: Check out this short video for an introduction to Apigee API Management.

What are the three core services in Apigee Edge? ›

Apigee Edge consists of API runtime, monitoring and analytics, and developer services that together provide a comprehensive infrastructure for API creation, security, management, and operations.

What is the difference between Apigee and API gateway? ›

Functionality: Both platforms offer a variety of features and capabilities. However, Apigee is a full API management product that provides more out-of-the-box functionality. Amazon API Gateway, on the other hand, is simply an API gateway that relays requests and supports integration with other AWS services.

What is Apigee management server? ›

The Management Server is the endpoint for Edge Management API requests. It also interacts with the Edge UI. A UI provides browser-based tooling that lets you perform most of the tasks necessary to create, configure, and manage API proxies, API products, apps, and users.

What is API management in simple terms? ›

API management is the process of designing, publishing, documenting and analyzing APIs in a secure environment. Through an API management solution, an organization can guarantee that both the public and internal APIs they create are consumable and secure.

What is the difference between API gateway and API management? ›

While API Gateways and API management can be used interchangeably, strictly speaking an API gateway refers to the individual proxy server, while API management refers to the overall solution of managing APIs in production which includes a set of API gateways acting in a cluster, an administrative UI, and may even ...

What is API management service? ›

API management is the process of developing, designing, monitoring, testing, securing, and analyzing APIs for organizations. API management platforms provide a robust set of software and processes with this functionality, hosted on premises, in the cloud, or a hybrid environment.

What does Apigee stand for? ›

Apigee, pronounced App-ih-gee, is an API gateway management tool offered by Google to exchange data across cloud services and applications.

Is there any coding in Apigee? ›

The Apigee Edge supported multiple languages like JavaScript, Java, Python, and Node. js for API management. It allows configurable policies like API essential verification, Access control, OAuth, JWT, etc. It is a cross-functional portal for both in the cloud or on-premises.

What is the difference between Apigee and endpoint? ›

The Apigee intelligent API platform is a complete solution for moving business to the digital world. On the other hand, Google Cloud Endpoints is detailed as "Develop, deploy and manage APIs on any Google Cloud backend". An NGINX-based proxy and distributed architecture give unparalleled performance and scalability.

How many types of API gateways are there? ›

There are three different API gateways. Each one is provides an API for its client.

Is Apigee an API proxy? ›

Apigee provides several ways for you to create API proxies, including: Using the Apigee UI to define an API proxy in a Graphical User Interface (GUI). For more, see Build a simple API proxy.

What are the key features of Apigee? ›

Key capabilities of Apigee Edge API Management:
  • Security. API management solutions secure and mediate the traffic between a company's APIs and the developers, customers, partners, and employees who use those APIs. ...
  • Protocol transformation. ...
  • Versioning. ...
  • Traffic Management.
Mar 19, 2020

What is API Gateway management tool? ›

An API gateway is an API management tool that sits between a client and a collection of backend services. An API gateway acts as a reverse proxy to accept all application programming interface (API) calls, aggregate the various services required to fulfill them, and return the appropriate result.

What is routing in Apigee? ›

A route determines the path of a request from the ProxyEndpoint to the TargetEndpoint . Included in the route is the URL used to access the API ProxyEndpoint and the URL of the backend service defined by the TargetEndpoint .

What is an example of API management? ›

Examples of popular API management platforms include: Google Apigee API Management Platform. CA Technologies. MuleSoft Anypoint Platform.

What is API management and why it is needed? ›

An API management platform is a tool used to access, distribute, control, and analyze APIs used by developers in an enterprise setting. API management platforms benefit organizations by centralizing control over their API integrations while ensuring they continuously meet high performance and security standards.

What are the key focus areas of API management? ›

API lifecycle management consists of defining, publishing, securing, routing and mediating traffic, monitoring, and analyzing APIs.

Which is the best example for API Gateway? ›

The popular example of API Gateway is Netflix API Gateway. The Netflix streaming services are available on hundreds of different kinds of devices such as televisions, set-top boxes, smartphones, tablets, etc. It attempts to provide a one-size-fits-all API for its streaming service.

What is difference between API Gateway and application gateway? ›

API Management supports authentication like AD authentication for secured access which is not supported from Application gateway. In summary, these services help in protecting APIs/web services from threat attacks, monitoring and management, routing requests and balancing client invocation to server calls.

What is REST API and API Gateway? ›

A REST API in API Gateway is a collection of resources and methods that are integrated with backend HTTP endpoints, Lambda functions, or other AWS services. You can use API Gateway features to help you with all aspects of the API lifecycle, from creation through monitoring your production APIs.

What is API management lifecycle? ›

Full API lifecycle management is the process of overseeing an API from its creation to retirement across its full life span. This includes everything from designing, publishing, documenting, securing, and analyzing APIs.

Is Apigee easy to learn? ›

It's easy to manage in the development kit or tool you have to create, and that process is very easy to create, and the metrics you can get from the traffic of Apigee are excellent as well.

Is Apigee a firewall? ›

For Edge Public Cloud management (both UI and APIs), Apigee does not use a web application firewall (WAF). Apigee uses our own product, Edge, to manage and secure the calls to the management interface of Edge Public Cloud.

Who is using Apigee? ›

Companies that use Apigee
Company NameWebsiteContact Info
Adobewww.adobe.com(408) 536-6000
AccuWeatherwww.accuweather.com(814) 237-0309
AT&Twww.att.com(210) 821-4105
ABN AMRO Bankwww.abnamro.com+31 20 628 2282
1 more row

What is the best way to learn Apigee? ›

The best way to learn Apigee Edge is by doing! You can find Learn Edge in the public Apigee GitHub repository: https://github.com/apigee/api-platform-samples/tree/master/learn-edge. Download or clone the repo and have fun with Learn Edge!

How do I create an API in Apigee? ›

To create a simple API proxy in the classic Apigee UI:
  1. Open the Apigee UI in a browser. ...
  2. Click Develop > API Proxies in the main view of the UI.
  3. From the Select Environment drop-down list, select the environment in which you want to create a new API proxy. ...
  4. Click Create New. ...
  5. Select Reverse proxy (most common). ...
  6. Click Next.

What are the prerequisites to learn Apigee? ›

What are the prerequisites for the Apigee course?
  • Prior experience in coding with Java, JavaScript, Python or any other similar language.
  • An understanding of REST or SOAP Web Services.
  • Restful API Design basics.

Is a gateway the same as an endpoint? ›

An end point indicates a specific location for accessing a service using a specific protocol and data format. GateWay: An service Gateway provides a central access point for managing, monitoring, and securing access to your publicly exposed web services.

What is API vs API endpoint? ›

It's important to note that endpoints and APIs are different. An endpoint is a component of an API, while an API is a set of rules that allow two applications to share resources. Endpoints are the locations of the resources, and the API uses endpoint URLs to retrieve the requested resources.

What is the difference between API Gateway and gateway endpoints? ›

Cloud Endpoints is a user-managed service whereas API Gateway is a fully managed service. Both support the same OpenAPI definition format. The main difference is that API Gateway can route a request to multiple backends, but Cloud Endpoints can route traffic only to a single backend.

What are the 4 types of API? ›

APIs are broadly accepted and used in web applications. There are four different types of APIs commonly used in web services: public, partner, private and composite.

What are the three basic types of APIs? ›

API types by audience
  • Public APIs. Public APIs may also be called external or open APIs. ...
  • OpenAPI standard. Many public APIs follow the OpenAPI standard. ...
  • Private / internal APIs. ...
  • Partner APIs.

What is the best language for API Gateway? ›

As JavaScript is the primary language to develop applications for the browser, Node. js can be an excellent choice to implement an API Gateway even if your microservices architecture is developed in a different language.

Is Apigee open source or not? ›

Apigee. Apigee is the oldest API Gateway listed in this article. It was founded in 2004 and acquired by Google in 2016. It is not open source, and is built on enterprise Java.

Is Apigee a load balancer? ›

Apigee enhances the availability of your APIs by providing built-in support for load balancing and failover across multiple backend server instances.

Can we develop API using Apigee? ›

Apigee is a platform for developing and managing API proxies. An API proxy is your interface to developers that want to use your backend services. Rather than having them consume those services directly, they access an Apigee API proxy that you create.

What is edge UI in Apigee? ›

View Apigee Edge documentation. The Apigee UI is a visual tool that lets you develop and deploy your API proxies, trace their execution, and manage other aspects of your organization and environments. Note: Apigee is introducing a new version of its UI that is integrated with the Google Cloud console.

What are flow variables in Apigee? ›

A flow variable refers to a value within a context. The value of a flow variable can be either a primitive type (such as a string, boolean, or integer) or a reference to a specific object, such as an object instantiated by Apigee during request/response processing.

What are user roles in Apigee edge? ›

An Apigee Edge user can belong to multiple organizations, but roles are organization-specific. For example, a user can be have the organization administrator role in one organization and only the user role in another.

Which is the best API management tool? ›

Top 10 API Management Tools
  • IBM API Connect.
  • Postman.
  • IBM Cloud Pak for Integration.
  • Workato.
  • Stoplight.
  • AWS CloudTrail.
  • WSO2 API Manager.
  • SwaggerHub.
6 days ago

How do I redirect a URL in Apigee? ›

To issue a redirect from Apigee Edge, you can use the AssignMessage policy. Within the policy, set the Location header, and set the StatusCode to be 302 or 301 (as you prefer). You probably should remove the Payload, if there is one. You may also want to set CORS headers.

What is the base path in Apigee? ›

The BasePath is a URI fragment (for example /weather ) appended to the base URL of an API proxy (for example, http://apifactory-test.apigee.net ). BasePath must be unique within an environment. Uniqueness is validated when an API proxy is generated or imported.

What is API management in webMethods? ›

webMethods API Gateway enables an organization to securely expose APIs to external developers, partners, and other consumers for use in building their own applications on their desired platforms.

What are the roles of API management? ›

API administrators manage and monitor the virtualized APIs and the clients that use those APIs, and their tasks include the following: Managing organizations—registering organizations and defining which APIs they are authorized to access.

Why is API management used? ›

API management ensures compliance with corporate policies and external regulations around data privacy. Businesses can also enforce rules around data governance and API security to ensure they are not leaving backdoors into their applications and sensitive data.

What is the purpose of API manager? ›

API Manager provides the following functionality: Seamless integration with Informatica Cloud Application Integration to manage APIs for Informatica Cloud Application Integration services using REST and SOAP protocols. Creation and management of custom APIs that are external to the Informatica environment.

How to implement API management? ›

  1. What is an API Management Strategy?
  2. Define Your API Strategy.
  3. Know Your Numbers.
  4. Use the Proper Infrastructure.
  5. Ensure Your API's are Secure.
  6. Build the Proper Team and Provide API Training.
  7. Plan for Scalability and Performance.
  8. Centralize and Organize Data.
Oct 13, 2021

Who is responsible for API management? ›

Product Manager

The product manager is typically the person who defines the APIs for an organization. Knowing the business and technical angles of delivering a product gives them a unique perspective and therefore the ability to point out specific and relevant data points for which a company should apply APIs.

What are the API management components? ›

Components of API Management
  • Gateway. An API front-end server that takes API requests, enforces throttling and security policies, sends requests to the back-end service, and then returns the response to the requester. ...
  • Tools for Publishing. ...
  • Developer Portal/API Store. ...
  • Reporting and Analytics. ...
  • Monetization.
Jun 1, 2021

Is API management a skill? ›

They (API managers) need to be skilled in the general online security requirements, and in particular, API security. They are required to know how to implement the right security parameters from the time API development starts.


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