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Module 06 Software
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1. In a general sense, ____________ refers to all the non-hardware components of a digital device.
2. What are the main software categories?
a. System, open source, and development
b. Application, shareware, and system
c. System, development, and application
d. Demoware, system, development
3. Which category of software would programming languages fall into?
a. System software
b. Development software
c. Application software
d. All of the above
4. There is a universal standard for categorizing software, and various categorization schemes have few similarities.
5. Mobile devices tend to be populated by entertainment apps, games, and social media services.
6. Desktop and laptop computers require an operating system with a file __________ system that allows users to view and manipulate data files.
7. Which of the following would be considered essential software for both laptop computers and tablet computers?
a. Word processor
b. VoIP (Voice over Internet Protocol) client
c. Office suite
8. Although there are online sources for software, most consumers obtain software offline.
9. System ___________ specify the operating system and minimum hardware capacities necessary for a software product to work correctly.
10. A new version or edition of a software product is referred to as a software ___________.
c. service pack
d. software patch
11. A software ___________ is a small section of program code that replaces part of the software currently installed.
ANSWER: update, patch
12. The term service pack usually applies to operating system updates.
13. Purchasing software is the same as buying tangible goods, meaning software can be used, altered, loaned to friends, resold, or given away.
14. A software ________ is a legal contract that defines the ways in which a computer program may be used.
ANSWER: license, EULA
15. Like books and movies, software is a type of intellectual property.
16. A(n) _____________ grants the author of a software product an exclusive right to copy, distribute, sell, and modify that work.
17. __________ software may be freely copied, distributed, and even resold.
b. Public domain
18. Most commercial software is distributed under a single-user license that limits use to one person at a time.
19. A(n) ____________ is generally priced at a flat rate and allows software to be used on all computers at a specific location.
a. site license
b. single-user license
c. multiple-user license
20. ______________ is copyrighted software marketed under a try-before-you-buy policy.
21. ____________ is distributed for free and often comes preinstalled on new devices, but it is limited in some way until you pay for it.
22. A(n) ______ value is a unique number derived from encoding one or more datasets, such as names, serial numbers, and validation codes.
23. Which type of software must include the source code, which allows programmers to modify and improve the software?
c. Open source
d. Public domain
24. Two of the most common open source and free software licenses are ___________.
a. BSD (Berkeley Software Distribution) and GPL (General Public License)
b. EULA (end-user license agreement) and VoIP
c. EULA and GPL
d. None of the above
25. Illegal copies of software are referred to as _______ software.
26. Which one of the following types of operating systems would most likely be found on a laptop computer?
a. Desktop operating system
b. Mobile operating system
c. Server operating system
d. Multitasking operating system
27. The kernel stays in random access memory (RAM) the entire time your computer is on.
28. Once loaded into RAM, the __________ provides essential operating system services, such as memory management and file access.
29. In the context of digital devices, the term __________ refers to any component that is required to perform work.
30. Which of the following would not be considered an operating system resource?
b. CPU (central processing unit)
d. URL (Uniform Resource Locator)
31. Activities called ___________ involve the microprocessor receiving commands as software carries out tasks and while input arrives from the keyboard, mouse, and other devices.
32. A(n) ___________ operating system provides process and memory management services that allow two or more tasks, jobs, or programs to run simultaneously.
33. Within a single program, multiprocessing allows multiple commands, or threads, to run simultaneously.
34. An operating system’s ____________ capability supports a division of labor among all the processing units.
d. all of the above
35. Sometimes an application requests memory but never releases it, a condition called a memory ______.
36. Every peripheral device connected to a computer is regarded as an input or output resource.
37. An operating system ensures that input and output proceed in an orderly manner, using ___________ to collect and hold data while the device is busy with other tasks.
38. Which OS is installed on more than 80% of the world’s personal computers?
a. Microsoft Windows
39. Windows evolved from a Microsoft operating system called _____.
40. Microsoft Windows is used exclusively on desktop systems.
41. Which of the following operating systems is found on Macintosh desktop and laptop computers?
42. The main weakness of macOS is lack of security.
43. Which of the following features is unique to macOS?
a. User interface
c. Resource forks
d. GUI (graphical user interface)
44. The iOS operating system is found on which device?
a. Android tablet
c. Mac laptop
d. None of the above
45. You won’t find a desktop with application windows on an iOS device.
46. As with other popular mobile operating systems, Android is designed for _______ processors.
47. All smartphones use the Android operating system.
48. On an Android device, a third-party file manager utility is required to manipulate files.
49. In 2009, Google launched an operating system called ______ OS.
50. Chrome OS is an example of a(n) _________ because it depends substantially on processing and storage provided by cloud-based servers.
a. thin client
b. forked license
51. A(n) _______________ allows one computer to simulate the hardware and software of another.
ANSWER: virtual machine or VM
52. If you wanted to run multiple operating systems simultaneously on one computer, you would use a virtual machine.
53. Instead of running program files that are stored locally, the code for _______ applications is downloaded along with HTML pages and is executed client-side by the browser.
54. Web apps are examples of cloud computing.
55. Most Web apps require installation on your local computer or handheld device.
56. Many Web apps allow several people to collaborate on projects because the project files are stored on the Web and can be easily shared.
57. A ___________ app is designed for a handheld device, such as a smartphone, tablet computer, or enhanced media player.
58. Most handheld devices can use either Web apps or mobile apps but not both.
59. The difference between a web app and a mobile app is that the program code for Web apps _________, whereas mobile apps are stored on the handheld device, so they have to be ___________.
a. arrives only when you use the app, downloaded and installed
b. is downloaded and installed, retrieved from the cloud
c. is downloaded and installed, retrieved only when you use the app
d. none of the above
60. On an iOS device, making unauthorized changes to the device’s software is called a(n) ____________.
61. If you want to run third-party apps on your Android device, you need to jailbreak it.
62. Unauthorized modification of any mobile device to overcome limitations imposed by mobile service providers is called _______.
63. A local application is installed on a computer’s hard disk.
64. Software for Macs is usually stored in a single executable file with a(n) __________ extension.
ANSWER: .app or app
65. On Windows systems, the main executable file has a(n) ________ extension.
ANSWER: .exe or exe
66. Software for PCs contains a(n) _________ program that guides you through the installation process.
67. Which of the following is part of the process for installing software on a PC?
a. Scan the hard drive for registry errors
b. Defragment the hard drive
c. Add the device to the network
d. None of the above
68. Downloads of Mac software are ordinarily supplied as a(n) _______ package.
69. To install software on a Mac, download the application, open the DMG file from the Downloads folder and then drag the .APP file to your ____________ folder.
70. The Windows operating system includes a(n) _________ utility, which deletes software files from various folders on your computer’s hard disk.
71. Which of the following would be classified as productivity software?
a. Microsoft Office
b. Google Docs
d. All of the above
72. A(n) _____________ suite is a collection of programs that typically include word processing, spreadsheet, presentation, and database modules.
ANSWER: office, productivity
73. In the context of office suites, the term ___________ refers to a component, such as a word processing program.
74. A typical _________ window displays a work area, called a workspace, which represents a blank piece of paper.
ANSWER: word processor, word processing
75. A feature called ___________ determines how your text flows from line to line by automatically moving words down to the next line as you reach the right margin.
a. Search and Replace
b. word wrap
c. readability formula
d. document formatting
76. Word processing software is likely to include which of the following features?
a. Search and Replace and readability formula
b. What-if analysis and worksheet
c. Cell references and functions
d. All of the above
77. Paragraph style includes the alignment of text within the margins and the space between each line of text.
78. A(n) ______ is a set of letters that share a unified design.
79. Because it is so easy to experiment with different numbers, word processing software is particularly useful for what-if analysis.
80. Spreadsheet software can be used to create an on-screen __________ that is based on a grid of columns and rows.
81. In a spreadsheet worksheet, each cell in a grid can contain a value, label, or formula.
82. The labels and values on a spreadsheet worksheet cannot be formatted in similar way as you would format text in a word processing document.
83. In a spreadsheet worksheet, a(n) ___________ works behind the scenes to tell the microprocessor how to use the contents of cells in calculations.
84. A formula, such as =B6+(C6*.1), does not contain cell references.
85. In spreadsheet software, a(n) ___________ is a built-in preset formula.
86. In spreadsheet software, the________________ feature ensures that the results in every cell are accurate for the information currently entered in the worksheet.
a. what-if analysis
b. automatic recalculation
c. relative reference
d. absolute reference
87. Microsoft Access, FileMaker Pro, and LibreOffice Base are three examples of popular ___________ software.
88. Database software stores data as a series of ____________, which are composed of fields that hold data.
89. Database software stores data as a series of records, which are composed of _________ that hold data.
90. In a database, a(n) _________ holds data for a single entity.
91. Some database software provides tools to work with more than one collection of records, as long as the records are somehow related to each other.
92. _________ software supplies the tools for combining text, photos, clip art, graphs, animations, and sound into a series of electronic slides that can be shown on a screen or projector.
93. Popular ___________ software products include Microsoft PowerPoint, iWork Keynote, LibreOffice Impress, and Google Docs Slides.
94. When saving a file, you must provide a valid file name that adheres to specific rules, referred to as _______________.
a. disk partition
b. file path
c. file-naming conventions
d. root directory
95. Which of the following is not a file-naming convention?
a. Avoid using symbols.
b. Maximum length is 256 characters.
c. Do not use reserved words.
d. Spaces are not allowed.
96. When working with Windows, storage devices can also be identified by a device __________.
97. Macs do not use drive letters, and the main hard disk is called Macintosh HD.
98. A disk __________ is a section of a hard disk drive that is treated as a separate storage unit.
99. Partitions are created, modified, and deleted using Filezilla on Macs and Disk Partitioner on PCs.
100. Every storage device has a directory containing a list of its files.
101. The main directory on a storage device is referred to as the ________ directory.
102. A computer file’s location is defined by a file ______, such as C:\Documents\To-Do-List.docx.
103. Operating systems provide file organization tools called ___________.
a. Disk Management
b. file management utilities
c. Disk Utility
d. file-naming conventions
104. Which of the following is a file management utility?
b. File Explorer
c. Neither of the above
d. Both A and B
105. The software application associated with a specific file type is called a(n) __________ application.
106. The software application associated with a specific file type is called a(n) __________ application.
107. Applications include menu options for opening and saving files, calling on the operating system’s file management routines to get the job done.
108. The structure of files and folders displayed by File Explorer is called a(n) ________ storage model because it helps you create a mental picture of the way files are organized in a hierarchy of folders.
109. A(n) ____________ storage model describes what actually happens on the disks and in the circuits.
110. Magnetic and optical media are divided into circular ______ and then further divided into pie-shaped ________.
a. cells, records
b. sectors, tracks
c. tracks, sectors
d. clusters, cells
111. An operating system uses a(n) ___________ to keep track of the names and locations of files that reside on a storage medium, such as a hard disk.
ANSWER: file system
112. To delete data from a disk in such a way that no one can ever read it, you can use special file ________ software that overwrites supposedly empty sectors with random 1s and 0s.
113. When you empty the trash on your computer what happens?
a. Data in the sectors where deleted files were stored is removed.
b. The sectors that held the deleted files are overwritten with zeros.
c. The index marks the sectors as available for storing new data.
d. The data is shredded so it can never be recovered.
114. Which of the following file extensions would you expect to find on a file containing an Excel spreadsheet?
115. Which operating system is open source and available as distros, such as Ubuntu and Mint?
b. Windows Mobile
c. Microsoft Windows